Psychodynamic therapy

Print Overview Psychotherapy is a general term for treating mental health problems by talking with a psychiatrist, psychologist or other mental health provider. During psychotherapy, you learn about your condition and your moods, feelings, thoughts and behaviors.

Psychodynamic therapy

Purpose Interpersonal therapy was initially developed to treat adult depression. It has since been applied to the treatment of depression in adolescents, the elderly, and people with Human Immunodeficiency Virus HIV infection.

There is an IPT conjoint couple therapy for people whose marital disputes contribute to depressive episodes. IPT has also been modified for the treatment of a number of disorders, including substance abuse; bulimia and anorexia nervosa ; bipolar disorder ; and dysthymia. Research is underway to determine the efficacy of IPT in the treatment of patients with panic disorder or borderline personality disorder ; depressed caregivers of patients with traumatic brain injuries; depressed pregnant women; and people suffering from protracted bereavement.

Interpersonal therapy is a descendant of psychodynamic therapy, itself derived from psychoanalysiswith its emphasis on the unconscious and childhood experiences. Symptoms and personal difficulties are regarded as arising from deep, unresolved personality or character problems.

There are seven types of interventions that are commonly used in IPT, many of which reflect the influence of psychodynamic psychotherapy: IPT is, however, distinctive for its brevity and its treatment focus. Its goals are rapid symptom reduction and improved social adjustment.

A frequent byproduct of IPT treatment is more satisfying relationships in the present. IPT has the following goals in the treatment of depression: The remaining sessions are then organized toward resolving these agreed-upon problem areas. This time-limited framework distinguishes IPT from therapies that are open-ended in their exploration.

The targeted approach of IPT has demonstrated rapid improvement for patients with problems ranging from mild situational depression to severe depression with a recent history of suicide attempts.

Psychodynamic Therapy: Approaches, Principles, and Techniques

Interpersonal therapy has been outlined in a manual by Klerman and Weissman, which ensures some standardization in the training of interpersonal therapists and their practice.

Because of this standardized training format, IPT is not usually combined with other talk therapies. Treatment with IPT, however, is often combined with drug therapy, particularly when the client suffers from such mood disorders as depression, dysthymia, or bipolar disorder.

Precautions Training programs in interpersonal therapy are still not widely available, so that many practicing therapists base their work on the manual alone without additional supervision.

It is unclear whether reading the manual alone is sufficient to provide an acceptable standard of care. While interpersonal therapy has been adapted for use with substance abusers, it has not demonstrated its effectiveness with this group of patients. Researchers studying patients addicted to opiates or cocaine found little benefit to incorporating IPT into the standard recovery programs.

These findings suggest that another treatment method that offers greater structure and direction would be more successful with these patients. Interpersonal therapists focus on the functional role of depression rather than on its etiology or cause, and they look at the ways in which problematic interactions develop when a person becomes depressed.

The IPT framework considers clinical depression as having three components: Subtypes of IPT Interpersonal therapy offers two possible treatment plans for persons with depressive disorders. The first plan treats the acute episode of depression by eliminating the current depressive symptoms.

This approach requires intervening while the person is in the midst of a depression. The acute phase of treatment typically lasts two to four months with weekly sessions. Many clients terminate treatment at that point, after their symptoms have subsided.

Maintenance treatment IPT-M is the second treatment plan and is much less commonly utilized than acute treatment. IPT-M is a longer-term therapy based on the principles of interpersonal therapy but with the aim of preventing or reducing the frequency of further depressive episodes.

Some clients choose IPT-M after the acute treatment phase. IPT-M can extend over a period of two to three years, with therapy sessions once a month. Psychoeducation in IPT Treatment with IPT is based on the premise that depression occurs in a social and interpersonal context that must be understood for improvement to occur.

Psychodynamic therapy

Changes in relationships prior to the onset of symptoms are clarified, such as the death of a loved one, a child leaving home, or worsening marital conflict.Psychodynamics, also known as psychodynamic psychology, in its broadest sense, is an approach to psychology that emphasizes systematic study of the psychological forces that underlie human behavior, feelings, and emotions and how they might relate to early experience.

Psychodynamic therapy is a type of in-depth psychoanalysis in which the focus is on revealing an individual’s unconscious thoughts to alleviate mental tension and modify current behavior. May 23,  · With roots in Freudian Psychoanalysis, Jane Robinson, a Harley Street therapist describes the psychodynamic approach and what can be expected from a .

Psychodynamic therapy is a “global therapy”, or form of therapy with a focus on a holistic perspective of the client. The alternative, “problem-based” therapies, such as cognitive behavioral therapy, aim to reduce or eliminate symptoms instead of exploring the client’s deep . Psychodynamic therapy is similar to psychoanalytic therapy in that it is an in-depth form of talk therapy based on the theories and principles of psychoanalysis..

But psychodynamic therapy is less. Freud’s psychoanalysis is both a theory and therapy. Sigmund Freud (writing between the s and the s) developed a collection of theories which have formed .

Types of Psychotherapy (Approaches)