John pershing

His paternal side ancestors, whose name originally was Persching, immigrated from Germany in the late 18th century. He also had five siblings: Pershing attended a school in Laclede that was reserved for precocious students who were also the children of prominent citizens. Completing high school inhe became a teacher of local African American children.

John pershing

Pershing's great-great-grandfather, Frederick Pershing, whose name originally was Pfersching, emigrated from Alsaceleaving Amsterdam on the ship Jacob, and arriving in Philadelphia on October 2, Pershing's mother was of English descent.

He also had five siblings: Pershing attended a school in Laclede that was reserved for precocious students who were also the children of prominent citizens. Completing high school inhe became a teacher of local African American children.

While pursuing his teaching career, Pershing also studied at the State Normal School now Truman State University in Kirksville, Missourifrom which he graduated in with a bachelor of science degree in scientific didactics.

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Pershing later admitted that serving in the military was secondary to attending West Point, and he had applied because the education offered was better than that obtainable in rural Missouri.

West Point years[ edit ] Pershing as a cadet in Pershing was sworn in as a West Point cadet in the fall of Grant as it passed West Point in August While serving in the 6th Cavalry, Pershing participated in several Indian campaigns and was cited for bravery for actions against the Apache.

During his time at Fort StantonPershing and close friends Lt. Julius Penn and Lt. Paddock were nicknamed "The Three Green P's," spending their leisure time hunting and attending Hispanic dances. Pershing's sister Grace married Paddock in He also became an expert marksman and, inwas rated second in pistol and fifth in rifle out of all soldiers in the U.

Though he and his unit did not participate in the Wounded Knee Massacrethey did fight three days after it on January 1, when Sioux warriors attacked the 6th Cavalry's supply wagons.

John Pershing - The Early Years - Presidio of San Francisco (U.S. National Park Service)

When the Sioux began firing at the wagons, Pershing and his troops heard the shots, and rode more than six miles to the location of the attack. The cavalry fired at the forces of Chief War Eagle, causing them to retreat. This would be the only occasion where Pershing would see action in the Ghost Dance campaign.

While carrying out this assignment, Pershing attended the university's College of Law[22] from which he received his LL. The Citizens of Omaha presented the company with a large silver cup, the "Omaha Cup. The group renamed itself the Pershing Rifles in in honor of its mentor and patron.

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From Fort Assinniboine in north central Montanahe commanded an expedition to the south and southwest that rounded up and deported a large number of Cree Indians to Canada. West Point instructor [ edit ] Captain John J. Because of his strictness and rigidity, Pershing was unpopular with the cadets, who took to calling him " Nigger Jack" because of his service with the 10th Cavalry.

Inhe was awarded the Silver Citation Star for these actions, and in the award was upgraded to the Silver Star decoration. A commanding officer here commented on Pershing's calm demeanor under fire, saying he was "cool as a bowl of cracked ice.

John pershing

Pershing was commissioned as a major of United States Volunteers on August 26,and assigned as an ordnance officer. In Marchafter suffering from malariaPershing was put in charge of the Office of Customs and Insular Affairs which oversaw occupation forces in territories gained in the Spanish—American War, including Cuba, Puerto Ricothe Philippinesand Guam.

He was honorably discharged from the volunteers and reverted to his permanent rank of first lieutenant on May 12, He was again commissioned as a major of Volunteers on June 6,this time as an assistant adjutant general. When the Philippine—American War began, Pershing reported to Manila on August 17,was assigned to the Department of Mindanao and Joloand commanded efforts to suppress the Filipino Insurrection.

He was cited for bravery for actions on the Cagayan River while attempting to destroy a Philippine stronghold at Macajambo. Pershing wrote in his autobiography that "The bodies [of some Moro outlaws] were publicly buried in the same grave with a dead pig.

Letters and memoirs from soldiers describing events similar to this do not have credible evidence of Pershing having been personally involved. He served with the 1st Cavalry Regiment in the Philippines.

He later was assigned to the 15th Cavalry Regimentserving as an intelligence officer and participating in actions against the Moros. He was cited for bravery at Lake Lanao. In Junehe served as Commander of Camp Vicars in Lanao, Philippines, after the previous camp commander had been promoted to brigadier general.

At the time, Army officer promotions were based primarily on seniority rather than merit, [32] and although there was widespread acknowledgment that Pershing should serve as a colonel, the Army General Staff declined to change their seniority-based promotion tradition just to accommodate Pershing.

They would not consider a promotion to lieutenant colonel or even major. This angered Roosevelt, but since the President could only name and promote army officers in the General ranks, his options for recognizing Pershing through promotion were limited.

Warrena Wyoming Republican who served at different times as chairman of the Military Affairs and Appropriations Committees. This union with the daughter of a powerful politician who had also received the Medal of Honor during the American Civil War continued to aid Pershing's career even after his wife died in John Joseph "Black Jack" Pershing General of the Armies of the United States: One of America's most famous Army officers, Pershing was born in Missouri on September 13, Pershing was born *September 13, , in Laclede, Missouri, where his pro-Union father managed a general store..

The family survived the Civil War but was financially ruined in the depression of Young John worked on the family farm and, at age seventeen, began teaching at the local African American school.

Pershing was born *September 13, , in Laclede, Missouri, where his pro-Union father managed a general store.. The family survived the Civil War but was financially ruined in the depression of Young John worked on the family farm and, at age seventeen, began teaching at the local African American school.

John J. Pershing: Biography of U.S. Army General John J. Pershing. After the United States declared war on Germany (April ), Pres. Woodrow Wilson selected Pershing to command the American troops being sent to Europe.

The transition from the anti-insurgency campaigns that had characterized much of Pershing’s career to the vast stagnant siege of the Western Front was an extreme test, but. My Experiences In The First World War by Pershing General John J. () Paperback. The General of the Armies of the United States, or more commonly referred to as General of the Armies (abbreviated as GAS or Gas), is the highest possible rank in the United States Army.

The rank is informally equated to that of a six-star general or Generalissimo and is currently one of the two highest possible operational ranks in the United States Armed Forces.

John J. Pershing - Historic Missourians - The State Historical Society of Missouri