The earliest recorded German immigrants to Louisiana arrived inand Germans continue to arrive every year, especially in the New Orleans area.
The History of Slavery. The first class of involuntary slaves among the ancients, from war. The second class from piracy. The causes of such treatment among the ancients in general.
The decline of this commerce and slavery in Europe. Their revival in Africa. The African Commerce or Slave-Trade. The history of mankind from their first situation to a state of government. An account of the first governments.
Liberty a natural right. Mankind cannot be considered as Edition: Division of the commerce into two parts, as it relates to those who sell, and those who purchase the human species into slavery. Their right with respect to convicts.
Their right with respect to prisoners of war. Additional remarks on the two orders that were first mentioned. The right of the purchasers examined. The Slavery of the Africans in the European Colonies. Imaginary scene in Africa. Their treatment on board.
The condition of their posterity in the colonies. The seasoning in the colonies. The contents of the two preceding chapters denied by the purchasers.
Three arguments, which they bring in vindication of their treatment, refuted. The argument, that the Africans are an inferiour link of the chain of nature, as far as it relates to their genius, refuted. Other arguments of the purchasers examined. The right of the purchasers over their slaves refuted upon their own principles.
Dreadful arguments against this commerce and slavery of the human species. In page 18 a Latin note has been inserted by mistake, under the quotation of Diodorus Siculus.
The reader will find the original Greek of the same signification, in the same author, at page WHEN civilized, as well as barbarous nations, have been found, through a long succession of ages, uniformly to concur in the same customs, there seems to arise a presumption, that such customs are not only eminently useful, but Edition: Such is the case with respect to Slavery: Here then is an argument, deduced from the general consent and argreement of mankind, in favour of the proposed subject: To ascertain the truth therefore, where two such opposite sources of argument occur; where the force of custom pleads strongly on the one hand, and the feelings of humanity on the other; is a matter of much importance, as the dignity of human nature is concerned, and the rights and liberties of mankind will be involved in its discussion.
The first, whom we shall mention here to have been reduced to a state of servitude, may be comprehended in that class, which is usually denominated the Mercenary. It consisted of free-born citizens, who, from the various contingencies of fortune, had become so poor, as to have recourse for their support to the service of the rich.
We may observe of the above-mentioned, that their situation was in many instances similar to that of our own servants. There was an express contract between the parties: As this class of servants was composed of men, who had been reduced to such a situation by the contingencies of fortune, and not by their own misconduct; so there was another among the ancients, composed entirely of those, who had suffered the loss of liberty from their own imprudence.
To this class may be reduced the Grecian Prodigals, Edition: Their perseverance in so bad a custom is stiled honour. The slaves, thus obtained, are immediately exchanged away in commerce, that the winner may get rid of the scandal of his victory.
The voluntary will comprehend the two classes, which we have already mentioned; for, in the first instance, there was a contract, founded on consent; and, in the second, there was a choice of engaging or not in those practices, the known consequences of which were servitude.
The involuntary, on the other hand, will comprehend those, who were forced, without any such condition or choice, into a situation, which as it tended to degrade a part of the human species, and to class it with the brutal, must have been, of all human situations, the most wretched and insupportable.
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Utilizing the research of Professor Dominique-René de Lerma of Lawrence University in Appleton, Wisconsin, historian William J. Zick in the article below provides vignettes which comprise an overview of various composers and musicians of African ancestry who performed in Europe, North America, and Latin America from the 16th Century to the 20th Century.
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