Donald judd specific objects essay

A daguerreotype uses a silver or silver-coated-copper plate to develop an image in a camera obscura. The image is formed when the light-sensitive plate is exposed to light through a camera lens. A daguerreotype was a unique, direct positive image that could not produce copies.

Donald judd specific objects essay

In art, the specific traits of modernism which are cited are generally formal purity, medium specificityart for art's sakethe possibility of authenticity in artthe importance or even possibility of universal truth in art, and the importance of an avant-garde and originality.

This last point is one of particular controversy in art, where many institutions argue that being visionary, forward looking, cutting edge and progressive are crucial to the mission of art in the present, and that postmodern therefore, represents a contradiction of the value of "art of our times".

One compact definition offered is that while post-modernism acts in rejection of modernism's grand narratives of artistic direction, and to eradicate the boundaries between high and low forms of art, to disrupt genre and its conventions with collision, collage and fragmentation.

Post-modern art is seen as believing that all stances are unstable and insincere, and therefore irony, parody and humor are the only positions which cannot be overturned by critique or later events.

Many of these traits are present in modern movements in art, particularly the rejection of the separation between high and low forms of art.


However, these traits are considered fundamental to post-modern art, as opposed to merely present in one degree or another. One of the most important points of difference, however, between post-modernism, and modernism, as movements in art, is modernism's ultimately progressive stance that new works be more "forward looking" and advanced, whereas post-modern movements generally reject the notion that there can be Donald judd specific objects essay or progress in art per se, and thus one of the projects of art must be the overturning of the "myth of the avant-garde ".

This relates to the negation of what post-structuralist philosophers call " metanarratives ". Rosalind Krauss was one of the important annunciators of the view that avant-gardism was over, and that the new artistic era existed in a post-liberal and post-progress normalcy.

Where did this new academy begin? At its origins the avant-garde myth had held the artist to be a precursor; the significant work is the one that prepares the future. The cult of the precursor ended by cluttering the landscape with absurd prophetic claims. The idea of a cultural avant-garde was unimaginable before It was fostered by the rise of liberalism.

Where the taste of religious or secular courts determined patronage, "subversive" innovation was not esteemed as a sign of artistic quality. Nor was the artist's autonomy, that would come with the Romantics.

Kirk Varnedoefor instance, stated that there is no such thing as postmodernism, and that the possibilities of modernism have not yet been exhausted. With the introduction of the use of industrial artifacts in art, movements such as CubismDada and Surrealism as well as techniques such as collage and artforms such as cinema and the rise of reproduction as a means of creating artworks.

Both Pablo Picasso the Modernist and Marcel Duchamp the rebel created important and influential works from found objects. His point was to have people look at the urinal as if it were a work of art, because he said it was a work of art.

He referred to his work as " Readymades.

Donald judd specific objects essay

Mutt, that shocked the art world in This and Duchamp's other works are generally labelled as Dada. Dadaism can be viewed as part of the modernist propensity to challenge established styles and forms, along with Surrealismfuturism and abstract expressionism.

Donald judd specific objects essay

The Dance is commonly recognized as "a key point of Matisse's career and in the development of modern painting". High art and culture[ edit ] The ignition point for the definition of modernism as a movement was the austere rejection of popular culture as kitsch by important post-war artists and taste-makers, most notably Clement Greenberg with his essay Avant-Garde and Kitschfirst published in Partisan Review in In particular his writing on American Abstract expressionism, and 20th-century European modernism persuasively made the case for High art and culture.


In Art and Culture, Beacon Press, a highly influential collection of essays by Clement Greenberg was first published. Greenberg is primarily thought of as a formalist art critic and many of his most important essays are crucial to the understanding of Modern art history, and the history of modernism and Late Modernism.

Jackson PollockAbstract expressionismProcess artand Western painting During the late s Pollock 's radical approach to painting revolutionized the potential for all contemporary art that followed him.

To some extent Pollock realized that the journey toward making a work of art was as important as the work of art itself.

Like Pablo Picasso 's innovative reinventions of painting and sculpture near the turn of the century via Cubism and constructed sculpture, Pollock redefined the way art gets made at the mid-century point.

Pollock's move — away from easel painting and conventionality — was a liberating signal to his contemporaneous artists and to all that came after.

Artists realized that Jackson Pollock's process — working on the floor, unstretched raw canvas, from all four sides, using artist materials, industrial materials, imagery, non-imagery, throwing linear skeins of paint, dripping, drawing, staining, brushing, essentially blasted artmaking beyond any prior boundary.

Abstract expressionism in general expanded and developed the definitions and possibilities that artists had available for the creation of new works of art. Neo-Dada, collage and assemblage[ edit ] Main articles:In his classic essay Specific Objects, Donald Judd described an art that is “neither painting nor sculpture,” and which “doesn’t constitute a movement, school, or style.” Judd published the text in , at a time when his own body of work had only just begun to reject the conventions of gallery appropriateness.

Differences from postmodernism.

Late modernism describes movements which both arise from, and react against, trends in modernism and reject some aspect of modernism, while fully developing the conceptual potentiality of the modernist enterprise. In some descriptions post-modernism as a period in art is completed, whereas in others it is a continuing movement in contemporary art.

This is the complete, authorized collection of Donald Judd's early art criticism and polemical writings; it includes his landmark essay "Specific Objects" plus more than contemporary art reviews he wrote on key artists and exhibitions of the s. This is the complete, authorized collection of Donald Judd's early art criticism and polemical writings; it includes his landmark essay "Specific Objects" plus more than contemporary art reviews he wrote on key artists and exhibitions of the s/5(5).

JUST WAR AND IRAQ: I said below that I have yet to hear a satisfactory answer on why a quick war with Iraq would not be more just than the status quo of immiserating sanctions.

Now Glenn Reynolds links to a Michael Walzer essay on a war with Iraq that provides one response.

Donald Judd | MoMA

The key grafs: "Defending the embargo, the American overflights, and the UN inspections: this is the right way to oppose. In April we’re reading Specific Objects, a controversial essay by Donald Judd, originally published in This discussion will be chaired by Richard Burger.


BEST AMERICAN ART: Minimalism: Specific Objects and Experienced Variable