Ethics[ edit ] Immanuel Kant introduced the categorical imperative: Sittlichkeit Ethics also known as moral philosophy is the branch of philosophy which addresses questions of morality.
This article addresses wisdom-in-action for nursing practice. We briefly describe nursing theoryreview the wisdom literature as presented in various disciplines, and identify characteristics of wisdom by analyzing four models of wisdom from other disciplines.
We also present the ten antecedents of wisdom and the ten characteristics of wisdom identified in our analysis of the wisdom literature, discuss and summarize these antecedents, and conclude that understanding these ten antecedents and the ten characteristics of wisdom-in-action can both help nurses demonstrate wisdom as they provide nursing care and teach new nurses the process of becoming wise in nursing practice.
Thomas Stearns Eliotp. Eliot wrote this poetic line inrelating wisdom to knowledge and suggesting a distinct relationship between the concepts. Scope and Standards of Practice adding the concept of wisdom to the accepted framework of data, information, and knowledge concepts in nursing informatics.
Wisdom is defined in the Merriam-Webster Dictionary as a knowledge gained through life experiences, b the innate ability to understand things that others cannot understand, and c judgment or good sense.
Because nurses have a desire to apply wisdom within their practice and nurse informaticists need to understand how to support the use of wisdom in practice see discussion belowa clearer understanding of the concept is needed. This article describes a deliberate study to identify characteristics of nursing wisdom by examining four theories in other disciplines.
Nursing Theory Theory is used in all aspects of nursing care and assists the practicing nurse in organizing, understanding and analyzing patient data. Nursing theory facilitates the development of nursing knowledge and provides principles to support nursing practice.
Nursing theory is developed from groups of concepts and describes their interrelationships, thus presenting a systematic view of nursing-related events. Theory is used in all aspects of nursing care and assists the practicing nurse in organizing, understanding and analyzing patient data.
Essentially, theory provides a systematic, consistent way of thinking about nursing care to guide the decision-making process. Theory-based, clinical practice occurs when nurses intentionally structure their practice around a particular theory to guide them in their care of the patient.
One of the greatest contributions grand theories Different levels of nursing theory exist; these levels include metatheory, grand theory, and mid-range theories.
Metatheories focus on theory about theory. These theories develop through asking philosophical and methodological questions to form a nursing foundation. One of the greatest contributions grand theories, largely developed between the s and the s, provide for nursing is the differentiation between nursing practice and the practice of medicine.
They offer the specificity needed for usefulness in research and practice, usually focusing on one specific topic or area of care and often beginning with a concept analysis and the development of a larger conceptual model often called a construct.
Review of the Wisdom Literature Wisdom is an abstract ideal, an end-point or characteristic, something applied in, yet separate from practice.
Today, we have a large body of literature about wisdom, although much of it does not relate to wisdom in nursing practice. Wisdom is an abstract ideal, an end-point or characteristic, something applied in, yet separate from practice.
To support this exploration, definitions of wisdom from the early classic philosophy and psychology literature, and the alignment of these definitions with nursing, as well as definitions from the nursing literature are presented.
Philosophy Classical philosophers began defining wisdom as early as B. Plato wrote that wisdom is the knowledge about the good between all that exists Truglio-Londrigan, while according to Aristotle, wisdom is knowledge of the first causes and principles of things Rice, Aristotle differentiated wisdom into five states of mind: All five of these wisdom states could define the art and science of nursing practice.
The nursing profession is built upon scientific knowledge episteme and nursing practice is grounded with theory theoretikes ANA, Nurses must understand and stay abreast of current technology techne. One of the nursing standards of practice is ethics; hence, nurses integrate ethics phronesis into all areas of their practice.
Finally, the art of nursing practice is based on a framework of caring sophia. Psychology Personal wisdom comes into play after experienced nurses reflect on their own practice, and learn from their experiences, thereby increasing their personal knowledge.
General wisdom is directed toward other individuals from a third-person perspective. It is a personal trait manifested by caring for others. Personal wisdom is about one's own life and problems seen from a first-person perspective.Chapter Five: Values, Ethics and Advocacy.
STUDY. PLAY. Learning Outcomes. Explain how values, moral frameworks, and codes of ethics affect moral decisions. Identify the ethical issue in the situation.
Define personal and professional moral positions. Become aware of your own values and ethical aspects of nursing. If we are to effectively understand the debate about the right to die in the United States, it is imperative that a few basic terms be understood.
The first and most important term . Ethics or moral philosophy is a branch of philosophy that involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong conduct. The field of ethics, along with aesthetics, concern matters of value, and thus comprise the branch of philosophy called axiology..
Ethics seeks to resolve questions of human morality by defining concepts such as good and evil, right and wrong.
Evolve Student Resources for Silvestri: Saunders Comprehensive Review for the NCLEX-RN® Examination, Seventh Edition, include the following: How to Use the Online Practice Questions.
Values, Morals, Ethics and Advocacy. VALUES, ETHICS, AND ADVOCACY Identify the ethical issues in the situation. Define personal and professional moral positions. Identify moral positions of key individuals involved.
Become aware of your own values and ethical aspects of nursing. A review of the literature related to caring theory, the concepts of moral accountability and integrity, and the documents that speak of these values and concepts in professional practice (eg, Code of Ethics for Nurses with Interpretive Statements, Nursing's Social Policy Statement) are presented in this article.